Macular degeneration is a chronic disease of the eye. If
your ophthalmologist diagnoses you with this condition, you could develop blurred vision or
even become blind. Fortunately, early detection and treatment of this
disease can help reduce your vision deterioration. If you’re at
a high risk for macular degeneration, making certain changes to your lifestyle
might also help preserve your vision.
Certain medical conditions, such as high blood pressure, increase the risk
of this eye disease. Work with your doctor to keep your blood pressure
under control and let your ophthalmologist know of any changes in your
medical history. Obesity also raises the risk of macular degeneration.
If you are overweight, develop a weight loss program with the assistance
of your doctor.
The consumption of a high-fat, high-cholesterol, and high-sugar diet will
also put you at a higher risk for this potentially blinding eye disease.
This type of diet is generally devoid of important nutrients needed for
eye health. To protect your eyes, choose baked foods instead of fried,
lean meats instead of those rich in saturated fats, and dark green, leafy
veggies. If you have trouble getting enough vitamins,
your ophthalmologist can recommend supplements.
Having a family history of macular degeneration automatically places you
at a higher risk of this condition, so make sure your ophthalmologist
knows about your family history. A higher risk level is also prevalent
amongst Caucasians, particularly for age-related macular degeneration.
Having a light eye color also elevates the risk.
If you lead an inactive lifestyle, it’s time to ramp up your physical
activity and reduce your risk of macular degeneration. Exercise may help
preserve eye health by increasing oxygen circulation. Another activity
that inhibits circulation is smoking; smokers have a much higher risk
of macular degeneration, and they are also at a greater risk of an accelerated
progression of the disease.
Early detection is important for vision preservation, so schedule regular
appointments with an ophthalmologist. Call the NYC office of Dr. Mark
Hornfeld at (212) 580-8881 and ask us about
our services, including eye exams and eye surgery.