Glaucoma is one of the top two leading causes of blindness among American
adults. This condition causes elevated pressure inside the eye, which
damages the optic nerve and affects vision. There are a number of
glaucoma treatment options available, including medications and surgical solutions to reduce
One of the first steps your eye care specialist will suggest to treat your
the use of medicated eyedrops. Eyedrops often need to be administered daily, sometimes multiple times
per day, to manage glaucoma. Glaucoma medications are differentiated by
their active ingredient. Beta blockers and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
both reduce the production of fluid in your eye to lower the intraocular
pressure and prevent damage to the optic nerve. Alpha agonists, cholinergics,
and prostaglandin analogs increase the drainage of fluid out of the eyes
to reduce internal pressure. In some cases, these medications can be combined
to increase their efficacy and improve your treatment results. Certain
brands of glaucoma medications contain multiple active ingredients so
you only need to use one product, rather than administering multiple medications
throughout the day.
If eyedrops are not effective in managing your glaucoma or your condition
is very advanced, your eye care specialist may recommend surgery to reduce
pressure inside your eyes. Microsurgical techniques can be used to cut
a small hole in the white of your eye, which provides additional drainage
for the intraocular fluid. Alternatively, laser surgery techniques may
be used to treat primary open-angle glaucoma and narrow-angle glaucoma.
These techniques use laser light to affect a small number of cells inside
the eye at once, restoring the eye’s natural drainage system. Many
laser surgery techniques can be safely repeated if they do not produce
satisfactory results at first.
Dr. Mark Hornfeld specializes in the management of glaucoma using a variety of treatment
methods to find the solution that is best for you. Contact our NYC office
today by calling (646) 681-3100 to schedule your eye health evaluation.
You can find more information about glaucoma, cataracts, and their treatment
on our informative blog.