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Comparing How Nearsightedness and Farsightedness Affect Your Vision

Optometrist performing Dilated Retinal Exam

When someone suffers from nearsightedness or farsightedness, that person’s eyes are not properly shaped, which means that they cannot bend light the way they should for perfect eyesight. Both nearsightedness and farsightedness can negatively affect vision clarity. Continue reading to find out how these different conditions impact vision.

Nearsightedness

Nearsightedness, which is also called myopia, occurs when a person either has an eye that is too long or a cornea that curves too much. Because of the way light hits the retina, a person who is nearsighted has difficulty seeing objects that are far away. Without some kind of corrective lenses, objects that are far away appear blurry. A person with myopia can see objects that are close by without issue, however. Glasses or contacts can improve the way the light hits the retina so a patient has no more trouble seeing far away objects.

Farsightedness

Farsightedness, or hyperopia, is a condition that occurs when a person’s eyes are too short or when the corneas do not curve enough to send light correctly to the retinas. When someone has hyperopia, he or she has trouble seeing items that are close by, but can usually see far away objects with no problem. The eyestrain associated with farsightedness often leads to headaches, aching or burning eyes, and difficulty concentrating. If you have hyperopia, your eye doctor will probably give you a prescription for either glasses or contact lenses to correct the issue.

In addition to corrective lenses, LASIK surgery is a treatment option for both nearsightedness and farsightedness. Dr. Mark Hornfeld of NYC can help address these vision problems, as well as many others. Whether you need a routine eye exam or want to talk about possible corrections for vision ailments, Dr. Hornfeld will work with you to find the best solution for your needs. To learn more or to schedule an appointment, call (646) 681-3100 today.