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Understanding the Symptoms of Glaucoma

Infected eye

Glaucoma is a common, yet misunderstood, eye condition. It is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, but few people understand their risk of developing the condition. Anyone can get glaucoma, but it is most common in older people and African Americans. Could you be experiencing the symptoms of glaucoma? Here is a look at what you need to know.

Open-Angle Glaucoma Symptoms

Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of the disease, and unfortunately, it doesn’t have many symptoms in its early stages. With this kind of glaucoma, the eye drainage canals become clogged, which causes pressure to rise in the eye. Over time, the pressure damages the optic nerve. At first, most patients don’t notice any changes in their vision, because initially, only peripheral vision is compromised. Because open-angle glaucoma progresses so slowly, by the time most patients begin to notice vision loss, the disease is in an advanced stage. Open-angle glaucoma’s status as a silent disease is one of the reasons why having regular eye exams is so important. An ophthalmologist can detect glaucoma in its early stages, when treatment is possible, by testing your eye pressure.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma Symptoms

Angle-closure glaucoma is much rarer than open-angle glaucoma. With this type of glaucoma, which is caused by a complete blockage of drainage canals, symptoms set in very quickly. Sudden vision loss, headache, and nausea that occurs with severe eye pain are all common symptoms with this type of glaucoma. Angle-closure glaucoma is a medical emergency.

If you’ve been diagnosed with glaucoma, treatment is available. Discuss your care with Dr. Mark Hornfeld. Although there is no cure for glaucoma, there are treatments that can alleviate your symptoms. Make an appointment at our NYC ophthalmologist’s office now by calling (646) 681-3100. Be sure to ask about our other services, which include LASIK surgery.