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What Are the Leading Causes and Risk Factors of Cataracts?

What Are the Leading Causes and Risk Factors of Cataracts?

The eye is an extremely complex organ that allows people to experience the world in great detail. Cataracts, among other eye conditions, can greatly hinder this natural function. Given enough time, cataracts can obscure vision completely. While it is possible to undergo treatment for cataracts in New York, it’s important to understand what causes the condition and who is at risk. You may not be able to prevent cataracts in every circumstance, but it may be helpful to undergo more frequent eye care visits, depending on your risk factors.

Age

Aging is something that occurs inevitably, and it begins at birth. Unfortunately, this isn’t a risk factor you’ll be able to do much about. However, given that cataracts are much more likely to develop after you pass the age of 50, it can be extremely helpful to establish a relationship with a good ophthalmologist to screen for any developing problems.

Lifestyle Factors

Certain environmental and lifestyle factors can increase your risk of needing treatment for cataracts later in life. UV exposure from the sun or tanning beds can damage the eyes. Steroid use or physical activities that cause injury to an eye also increase your risk. In addition, certain diseases, including diabetes, as well as certain medical procedures, such as frequent x-rays, can make cataract development much more likely.

Genetics

As with most medical conditions, a portion of cataract cases do seem to have a genetic element. If one of your parents had cataracts, you’re more likely to develop them yourself. Some people are even born with cataracts; this may be genetic or simply a congenital defect.

If you are at risk for cataracts, or if you need treatment for cataracts in New York, schedule an appointment with Dr. Mark Hornfeld today. He can help you determine the best course of action to retain your quality of life and your vision. Call (646) 350-3391 or visit our website for more information.