Have you recently spoken to your ophthalmologist about
macular degeneration? Macular degeneration is the
main cause of vision loss in Americans over 60 years old. This condition is the irreversible decay
of the macula, a small area near the retina in the eye. Keep reading to
get the facts straight about this serious condition.
Types of Macular Degeneration
Two types of macular degeneration exist: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration
is the most common type of this medical condition. In dry macular degeneration,
the macula’s light-sensitive cells begin to slowly degenerate. Dry
macular degeneration leads to wet macular degeneration, which is less
common but is the more advanced form of this condition.
An eye specialist can diagnose dry and wet macular degeneration. In order
to make a diagnosis, the ophthalmologist will conduct several eye exams,
including a dilated eye exam, test of visual acuity, fundoscopy, and fundus
photography. If he or she suspects you may have advanced macular degeneration,
a fluorescein angiography may be used to detect leaking blood vessels.
Living with Macular Degeneration
Unfortunately, there is no treatment or cure for macular degeneration—the
condition is irreversible. However, degeneration of the macula can be
slowed so that the condition does not progress to the advanced stage.
One method of doing so is through a high dosage of antioxidant vitamins
and zinc. Eye specialists can also perform vision rehabilitation and suggest
low vision aids to help improve the quality of life of those with macular
In order to prevent the development of macular degeneration, it is important
to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Having a healthy exercise routine and avoiding
smoking cigarettes can go a long way in keeping your eyes healthy. In
addition, maintaining a normal blood pressure range and healthy weight
can slow the development of macular degeneration.
If you need additional information about macular degeneration in New York,
contact Dr. Mark Hornfield at (212) 580-8881 to
arrange an eye examination. Whether you have macular degeneration, need treatment for cataracts,
or are looking to manage your glaucoma, Dr. Hornfield can ensure that
your eyes get the care they need.