According to the National Eye Institute, age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of vision loss for people aged 50 and older. For some people, AMD progresses slowly, with vision loss not occurring for a period of time. In other people, AMD progresses very quickly, leading to vision loss in either one or both of the eyes.
What causes AMD?
The macula is a small spot located in the center of the retina in the back of the eye. Made of millions of light-sensing cells, the macula is the most sensitive portion of the retina, crucial for providing sharp, central vision. If damage occurs to the macula, the retina will have difficulty converting light into electrical signals to the brain, making it difficult for the brain to translate everyday images.
What are the symptoms for AMD?
If the macula is damaged, someone’s center field of vision may begin to appear blurry, dark, or distorted. Over time, this blurred area can grow larger, leading someone to develop blank spots in his or her central vision. He or she may also find that everyday objects no longer appear as bright and sharp as they used to be. Even though AMD doesn’t lead to complete blindness, it can interfere with daily activities, such as distinguishing faces, reading, writing, or cooking.
What are the treatment options for AMD?
Currently, there is no treatment for age-related macular degeneration , however there are ways for someone to reduce his or her risk. An ophthalmologist can assess a patient’s risk of AMD by providing a comprehensive dilated eye exam each year. This can also help determine whether or not AMD is progressing. People who are at risk of AMD can lower their risk by exercising, avoiding smoking, and eating nutritious foods such as green, leafy vegetables and fish.
If you would like to learn more about risk factors for age-related eye diseases, such as macular degeneration and cataracts, schedule a meeting with Dr. Mark Hornfeld. Dr. Hornfeld is a NYC ophthalmologist specializing in cataract surgery and glaucoma treatment. You can reach our office by dialing (646) 502-4142.
Dr. Mark Hornfeld is a 1988 graduate of The New York College of Osteopathic Medicine in Old Westbury, New York. In addition, Dr. Hornfeld has more than 15 years of experience providing private practice ophthalmology services in New York City. Our Brooklyn office strives to provide patients with the most accurate results by utilizing the most technologically advanced equipment.
In this video, Dr. Mark Hornfeld takes you on a tour of his Williamsburg office, beginning at the patient check-in point. From there, he shows what kind of equipment you would be using in pre-examination testing as you are screened for refractive problems and cataracts. All of the results from these tests are electronically stored with cloud technology, providing Dr. Hornfeld with real time images.
Dr. Mark Hornfeld specializes in cataract surgery, glaucoma treatment, and refractive surgery. To schedule an appointment at our New York City office, call (646) 502-4142.
Ophthalmologists, optometrists, and opticians all have an important role in helping patients protect eye health, however each of these professionals have different levels of training and experience. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor trained to provide patients with a wide range of eye care services , including contact and glasses prescriptions as well as complex, delicate eye surgery. A number of ophthalmologists also specialize in scientific research in the field, helping discover causes and treatment for common eye diseases.
A patient should visit an ophthalmologist if he or she experiences decreased vision, flashes of light, haloes, or eye injury and eye pain. People who are of African or Hispanic decent have an increased risk for developing glaucoma, so they should meet with an ophthalmologist even if they aren’t experiencing symptoms. Even though glaucoma can’t be cured, ophthalmologists can work to reduce damage and prevent vision loss in patients with early signs of glaucoma.
A cataract occurs when a person’s naturally clear lens begins to cloud, making it difficult for the lens to focus light onto the retina. As a result, light rays can’t focus on the layer of light-sensing cells in the back of the eye and the person will experience blurred vision. Ophthalmologists can help restore someone’s vision by removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with a permanent intraocular lens implant.
Lasik is an incredibly popular surgery that helps correct vision problems for people who are nearsighted, farsighted, or who suffer from astigmatism. During a Lasik procedure, the ophthalmologist will reshape the clear front portion of the eye, enabling light to travel through the lens and focus on the retina in the back of the eye. As a result, patients no longer need to rely on their eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Dr. Mark Hornfeld is a New York City based ophthalmologist who specializes in cataract surgery, glaucoma treatment, and refractive surgeries such as Lasik. Dr. Hornfeld is dedicated to using the most technologically advanced equipment to help patients achieve accurate results. For more information, give us a call at (646) 502-4142.
If you’ve noticed small, moving specks or imperfections in your vision, you likely have eye floaters. These typically appear as very small, dark spots; however, some people report seeing floaters in the shapes of strings or cobwebs. As you shift your gaze, the floaters move in your field of vision. In most cases, eye floaters develop as the vitreous within the eyes changes in consistency. You’re more likely to see eye floaters if you have diabetes, if you’re over the age of 50, or if you’re nearsighted.
In certain circumstances, eye floaters may indicate a more serious underlying problem that necessitates an emergency trip to the ophthalmologist’s office. If you experience an abrupt increase in floaters, see flashes of light, or suffer from the sudden loss of peripheral vision, see an ophthalmologist right away, as these could be symptoms of retinal detachment.
Even when they’re not an emergency, eye floaters can be bothersome. Explore your eye floater treatment options at the NYC office of Dr. Mark Hornfeld. You can contact us at (646) 502-4142 or visit our website to learn more about our ophthalmologic services.
Watch the latest video from Dr. Hornfeld as he gives a tour of the surgicenter and explains the state-of-the-art technology available to him when he operates here. Some of this technology includes the Lumera microscope, a 3D monitor by Sony and a machine that measures what strength lens to put in the eye in real-time.
For more information about Dr. Mark Hornfeld, visit our website .
People with diabetes need to take extra steps to safeguard their health because they’re at an increased risk of a wide array of medical problems. Your diabetes care team should include an ophthalmologist . Meet with your ophthalmologist to determine how often you should have your eyes examined and to discuss the short-term and long-term effects of poorly controlled blood sugar levels when it comes to your eye health.
Short-Term Effects of High Blood Sugar
Ideally, your blood sugar levels should be in the 70 to 130 mg/dL range prior to eating and below 180 mg/dL a couple of hours after eating. If your blood sugar levels are too high , the lenses of your eyes are subject to swelling. This causes blurry vision, which may interfere with your ability to perform day-to-day tasks. If you do develop blurry vision, check your blood sugar immediately and see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. By taking steps to control your blood sugar, you can bring your vision back to normal. However, it can sometimes take up to three months for your vision to stabilize.
Long-Term Effects of High Blood Sugar
If your blood sugar levels are poorly controlled for a long time, you run the risk of serious health complications, including permanent eye damage. High blood glucose damages your body’s blood vessels. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the blood vessels of the retina sustain damage. The symptoms develop gradually; if left unmanaged, diabetic retinopathy can cause irreversible vision loss. Individuals with diabetes are also at a higher risk of glaucoma because the intraocular fluid within the eye cannot drain correctly, causing a buildup of pressure. Additionally, you’re at a higher risk of developing cataracts when you have poorly controlled blood sugar levels.
Although prevention is always ideal, if you do develop vision complications from diabetes, Dr. Mark Hornfeld can help. Dr. Hornfeld offers state-of-the-art cataract surgery and management services for glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Call our NYC ophthalmology practice today at (646) 502-4142 to schedule your visit .