Ophthalmologists, optometrists, and opticians all have an important role in helping patients protect eye health, however each of these professionals have different levels of training and experience. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor trained to provide patients with a wide range of eye care services , including contact and glasses prescriptions as well as complex, delicate eye surgery. A number of ophthalmologists also specialize in scientific research in the field, helping discover causes and treatment for common eye diseases.
A patient should visit an ophthalmologist if he or she experiences decreased vision, flashes of light, haloes, or eye injury and eye pain. People who are of African or Hispanic decent have an increased risk for developing glaucoma, so they should meet with an ophthalmologist even if they aren’t experiencing symptoms. Even though glaucoma can’t be cured, ophthalmologists can work to reduce damage and prevent vision loss in patients with early signs of glaucoma.
A cataract occurs when a person’s naturally clear lens begins to cloud, making it difficult for the lens to focus light onto the retina. As a result, light rays can’t focus on the layer of light-sensing cells in the back of the eye and the person will experience blurred vision. Ophthalmologists can help restore someone’s vision by removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with a permanent intraocular lens implant.
Lasik is an incredibly popular surgery that helps correct vision problems for people who are nearsighted, farsighted, or who suffer from astigmatism. During a Lasik procedure, the ophthalmologist will reshape the clear front portion of the eye, enabling light to travel through the lens and focus on the retina in the back of the eye. As a result, patients no longer need to rely on their eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Dr. Mark Hornfeld is a New York City based ophthalmologist who specializes in cataract surgery, glaucoma treatment, and refractive surgeries such as Lasik. Dr. Hornfeld is dedicated to using the most technologically advanced equipment to help patients achieve accurate results. For more information, give us a call at (646) 502-4142.