Your tears are made of a mixture of water, fatty oils, and mucus. Together, this solution helps keep the surface of your eyes smooth while simultaneously protecting against infection. If your tear ducts aren’t able to provide adequate moisture, you may suffer from a condition called dry eyes.
There are a variety of factors that can cause you to develop dry eyes, including an imbalance of the composition making your tears. Other causes may include environmental factors, eyelid problems, or medications. Your tear production typically decreases with age, so you are a greater risk of developing dry eyes if you are over the age of 50. Luckily, you can usually help prevent dry eyes by paying close attention to the situations that cause your symptoms. For example, you may be able to help improve dry eyes by avoiding air from hair dryers, heaters, and fans. In the winter, you can help add moisture to dry indoor air by using a humidifier.
To learn more about preventing and treating common eye issues, contact Dr. Mark Hornfeld at (646) 502-4142. Certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology, Dr. Mark Hornfeld is a New York City ophthalmologist with extensive experience treating eye conditions.