Examining the Signs and Symptoms of Cataracts

Cataract

Cataracts are a common eye condition often associated with aging. Over time, cataracts cloud the natural lens of the eyes, affecting visual clarity. Learning the signs and symptoms of cataracts will provide you with the information you need to know when it’s time to see your eye doctor for evaluation and treatment of your cataracts .

Cloudy Vision

One of the most common signs of cataracts is cloudy or blurry vision. Because cataracts cause the clear lens of the eyes to slowly turn opaque, less light can enter your eye, causing images to appear cloudy or dim. Colors may seem faded or yellowed and you may require more light to see comfortably than you did in the past.

Sensitivity to Light

Cataracts also cause changes in the eyes associated with the way you see light. You may notice an increased sensitivity to light and glare that disrupts vision and makes everyday tasks or driving more difficult . Some patients report seeing haloes around lights, especially at night, which disrupt visual acuity.

Frequent Prescription Changes

As cataracts affect your vision, you may require frequent changes in your prescription. Some older adults report increased nearsightedness and a reduced dependence on reading glasses. If your prescription changes significantly over the course of a year or less, your ophthalmologist may test your eyes for the possible presence of cataracts.

Double Vision

Cataracts can cause double vision that affects your everyday comfort and ability to carry out various tasks. Double vision generally occurs only in one eye. If you notice changes in your vision, such as double vision or severe blurring or cloudiness, contact your ophthalmologist for an exam as soon as possible.

Dr. Mark Hornfeld offers surgical treatment of cataracts in NYC. You can find out more about permanent intraocular lens implants and other cataract treatments by calling (212) 580-8881 to schedule an eye exam today. Check out our blog for more information about cataracts, glaucoma, dry eyes, macular degeneration, and LASIK surgery for nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

Reviewing the Symptoms of Glaucoma

Glaucoma causes increased pressure inside the eyes, which damages the optic nerve. Although glaucoma often develops without symptoms, certain signs could indicate the need for evaluation by your ophthalmologist.

Damage to the optic nerve over time can eventually cause vision changes large enough to become noticeable, such as a loss of peripheral vision. Unlike other types of glaucoma, acute closed-angle glaucoma can occur suddenly, causing pain, blurred vision, haloes around lights, and nausea. Check out this video to learn more about detecting, diagnosing, and treating glaucoma.

Don’t let glaucoma affect your vision—schedule an appointment with Dr. Mark Hornfeld by calling (212) 580-8881 to evaluate your eye health and explore your treatment options. We offer comprehensive eye exams in addition to surgical and non-surgical treatment of glaucoma, cataracts, and more. You can learn more about our NYC ophthalmology practice on the web.

Essential Eye Care Tips

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Your eyes allow you to enjoy art, complete work, and take part in everyday activities. Caring for your eyes is an important part of preserving your vision and your overall health. Keep reading to discover a few easy eye care tips recommended by ophthalmologists that have a big impact on the health and comfort of your eyes.

Wear Protection

Protecting your eyes from injury and exposure to sun and weather is an important step in maintaining good eye health. Wear UV-blocking sunglasses to reduce exposure to damaging solar radiation, which has been linked to conditions such as cataracts and macular degeneration. If you play sports or work in construction, manufacturing, or another profession that puts your eyes at risk, wear protective lenses to shield your eyes from debris, falls, and other accidents.

Treat Minor Conditions Promptly

Minor conditions such as dry eyes and eye infections can occur from time to time, even in healthy eyes. However, even minor problems can escalate into larger ones without proper treatment. You could incur long-term damage to your eyes if you ignore dryness, irritation, or infection. Treat these conditions promptly to restore eye health and reduce the risk of complications.

Stop Smoking

Smoking is associated with a number of negative health effects, including damage to the eyes. Smokers are at higher risk for certain eye conditions, such as glaucoma. If you are a smoker, contact your physician or ophthalmologist for help to quit your habit for better eye health.

Schedule Regular Eye Exams

Many eye conditions, such as cataracts and glaucoma, slowly worsen over time and do not cause immediately noticeable symptoms. Your ophthalmologist will evaluate your vision and examine your eyes during each visit to find and treat these problems before they cause permanent changes in your vision.

Dr. Mark Hornfeld offers evaluation, treatment, and counseling for eye conditions and vision problems in NYC. Contact our office by calling (212) 580-8881 to find out more about how to protect your eyes for life. You can find additional information about Dr. Hornfeld on our website.

Are Urban Residents At Risk for Dry Eye Syndrome?

Medicine eyedropper

Dry eye syndrome causes a lack of tears, resulting in redness and irritation of the eyes. Up to 30% of people will experience the symptoms of dry eyes at some point during their lifetime. Dry eye syndrome may be caused by internal or external factors. External causes of dry eyes include exposure to sunlight, wind, dry or hot air, smoke, pollen, and other airborne allergens or pollutants. A new study indicates that residents of major cities throughout the U.S. are more likely to develop dry eye syndrome than those who live in less urbanized areas. The elevated levels of air pollution associated with urban centers across the country are thought to be responsible for this increased risk of dry, irritated eyes. Living in a high-altitude city can further increase the likelihood of dry eye syndrome by more than 10%.

Do you experience dry, itchy, irritated eyes or blurred vision? Contact Dr. Mark Hornfeld by calling (212) 580-8881 for diagnosis and treatment of all eye conditions. Dr. Hornfeld offers ophthalmology and surgical services, including LASIK and high-tech lens implants , in NYC. Visit our website to learn more about dry eye syndrome and your risk factors.

What to Expect from Your Eye Surgery Appointment

Before your actual LASIK procedure, you will need to meet with your ophthalmologist to discuss what will happen during and after the surgery. During this time, your ophthalmologist will assess your medical history and conduct a full eye examination. After meeting with the surgeon and asking any questions you have about the procedure, you can schedule a LASIK eye surgery appointment.

Before surgery

A baseline evaluation is necessary to determine whether or not you are a good candidate for LASIK. If you wear contact lenses, you should switch to wearing glasses full-time before the appointment, as contact lenses change the shape of your cornea. This allows your ophthalmologist to create accurate measurements of your cornea and the best possible surgical plan. In fact, your ophthalmologist may repeat the measurements before your surgery to determine exactly how much corneal tissue to remove.

During surgery

LASIK eye surgery takes approximately 30 minutes. You will be lying on your back in a reclining chair in the exam room with the laser system, which includes a microscope attachment and a computer monitor. Your ophthalmologist will place a numbing drop in your eye, clean the area, and then hold your eyelid open with a lid speculum. Using a laser device, he or she will cut a flap on the cornea. During the procedure, the laser will pulse and make a ticking sound as it removes small portions of corneal tissue.

After surgery

At the end of the procedure, your ophthalmologist will place a shield over the eyes to prevent you from rubbing or putting pressure on the eyes. Your vision may fluctuate the first few months following surgery, taking three to six months to stabilize completely. During this time, you may also experience flare, haloes, and difficulty driving at night.

If you would like to learn more about scheduling LASIK eye surgery , contact Dr. Mark Hornfeld in New York at (646) 502-4142. Dr. Hornfeld is a 1988 graduate of The New York College of Osteopathic Medicine. In addition, he is certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology and the American Board of Internal Medicine.