An Overview of Refractive Errors

woman and eye chart

There are four distinct types of refractive errors that can impair your vision and require you to seek professional treatment from an ophthalmologist like Dr. Mark Hornfeld . These errors can affect persons of all ages and often lead to a number of frustrating conditions associated with focusing. To learn more, take a look at this overview of refractive errors:

Recognizing the Signs of a Refractive Error

There are many symptoms of refractive errors that are likely to send you in to your ophthalmologist’s office. These symptoms range based on the specific type of error you may have, but often include headaches, frequent squinting, double vision, halos around lights, and eye strain. Your risk for developing a refractive error increases if you are the child of a parent with any of the four errors featured below.

Understanding the Four Distinct Types

In order to understand refractive errors , it’s important to know that there are four distinct types that can alter your vision. Myopia, often called “nearsightedness”, is the result of light focusing in front of instead of on the retina. Hyperopia produces the opposite effect, which is commonly referred to as “farsightedness”. Presbyopia impairs an aged eye’s ability to focus up close. Astigmatism is characterized by blurry vision as a result of light focusing improperly on the retina.

Treatment Options and Future Prognoses

An ophthalmologist can treat refractive errors using Lasik surgery, or with eyeglasses or lenses. The former, Lasik surgery, which is essentially a refractive surgery, alters the cornea so that light can focus on the retina more directly. This surgery is permanent and will leave vision improved for the rest of a patient’s lifetime.

The best way to learn more about refractive errors is to consult with Dr. Mark Hornfeld. His team of caring professionals can help you with all of your vision needs, from treating cataracts to performing lens implants. Contact us at (646) 681-3100 to learn more about our services .

The Relationship Between Nutrition and Cataracts

bright background of  fruits  and vegetables

One of the most effective steps that you can take to prevent cataracts from developing is to pay attention to your diet. Surprisingly enough, what you eat from day to day can have a big impact on your vision and overall eye health. Let’s explore the relationship between nutrition and cataracts :

Antioxidants and Their Link to Eye Health

In order to understand how nutrition plays a role in the development or advancement of cataracts, it’s important to know that numerous research studies have concluded that antioxidants have a direct impact on eye health. In fact, researchers agree that the more prevalent antioxidants are in a diet, the more likely a person is to experience cataracts for anywhere from three years into the future to ten years.

Vitamins and a Reduction in Cataract Progression

The specific varieties of antioxidants that have been proven to reduce the likelihood of cataracts are vitamin C, vitamin E, and beta-carotene. These essential vitamins also offer benefits to those who already have cataracts by reducing the speed at which cataracts progress. This means that by supplementing your diet with antioxidants, you may be able to preserve your vision even if your ophthalmologist has detected cataracts.

Recommended Foods for Cataract Prevention

Now that you know how important nutrition is to cataract prevention and cataract control, you may be wondering what foods to add to your diet. Some excellent choices include antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, fatty fish varieties, and mineral-dense whole grains. If you can’t get enough vitamins in their natural form, then you may want to ask your doctor about adding supplements to your diet.

If you’re ready to learn more about caring for your vision, then be sure to consult with Dr. Mark Hornfeld and his friendly and knowledgeable team. Dr. Hornfeld offers comprehensive ophthalmology services, ranging from Lasik surgery to glaucoma treatment. Call (646) 681-3100 to learn more about his areas of expertise.

Dr. Mark Hornfeld Explains Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that debilitates a person’s ability to see clearly. It occurs when the optic nerve becomes damaged as a result of an imbalance in eye fluid. As Dr. Mark Hornfeld explains in this video, glaucoma can be treated in several different ways, depending on how severe the condition is.

The very early stages of glaucoma are often treated using simple eye drops that replenish the eye’s moisture supply and restore the important liquid balance that the optic nerve relies on. If glaucoma is advanced, then an ophthalmologist might suggest laser surgery as a very last resort.

If you believe you might be living with glaucoma, then be sure to schedule a checkup with Dr. Mark Hornfeld today. To learn more about Dr. Hornfeld and his staff, call our offices today at (646) 681-3100.

What Is Diabetic Eye Disease?

Young woman applying eyes drops

f you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, then it is imperative that you discuss your medical condition with your NYC ophthalmologist, Dr. Mark Hornfeld. As Dr. Hornfeld will share with you, diabetes can lead to a number of problems when it comes to your vision, such diabetic eye disease. The most common symptoms of this condition include pain in the eyes, reduced peripheral vision, blurry vision, and floating spots. These symptoms are caused when elevated blood sugar levels gradually wear down blood vessels in the retina, compromising the eye’s ability to focus on the image in front of it.

Treatment for diabetic eye disease may include a retina laser procedure to attempt to halt progression of the disease. No matter how compromised your vision is, Dr. Mark Hornfeld can assess your health and prescribe the best treatment plan for your needs. To learn more about our ophthalmologist and his services, call Dr. Hornfeld’s office today at (646) 681-3100.