Age-related macular degeneration, or AMD, is a deteriorative disease that is one of the most common causes of impaired vision. Dr. Mark Hornfeld and his team of vision professionals offer diagnostic and treatment services for macular degeneration as part of their comprehensive eye care services. Here is a look at some basic facts about macular degeneration.
What is macular degeneration?
In individuals over age 60, macular degeneration is the leading cause of significant vision loss. This disease is the result of the deterioration of the macula, which is located in the center of the retina and contains a high density of cones that affect clarity of vision. AMD rarely causes complete blindness, but impacts a person’s ability to do everyday activities such as reading and driving.
What are the symptoms and signs?
Symptoms of macular degeneration occur gradually—in many cases, it is not detected until it affects both eyes. Symptoms occur without pain. One of the first signs of AMD is distorted straight lines. Other symptoms include changes to the center of vision, such as distortion, blurriness, dark areas, or white out, and changes in the brightness of colors.
What are the risk factors ?
There are many factors that may increase the risk of macular degeneration. Age is the leading risk factor for AMD; the disease is most common in individuals over age 60. Other factors include race, smoking, and genetics—individuals with a family history of the disease are at a higher risk.
What treatment options are available?
While there is no cure for macular degeneration, there are steps you can take to prevent AMD and interventions available to slow the progression of the disease. Healthy lifestyle choices such as quitting smoking, exercising, and maintaining a healthy diet can decrease your chance of developing macular degeneration. A yearly eye exam will increase the chances of an early diagnosis, while antioxidant vitamin treatment regimens can reduce the progression of AMD. For people with advanced macular degeneration, there are surgical options that can help improve vision.
Are you experiencing symptoms of AMD and would like to learn more about treatment for macular degeneration near NYC? If so, call the office of Dr. Mark Hornfeld at (212) 580-8881 to schedule your appointment. Our eye doctor provides a range of ophthalmology services, including macular degeneration treatment, eye cataract surgery, and treatment of dry eye syndrome.